Sunday, January 12, 2020
During the gloomy winter of Berlin -Rizal was famished, sick, and despondent. -Notwithstanding his empty stomach, his painful coughing, and his despairing spirit, he continued writing his first novel. -He finished the novel on February 21, 1887 It was the Noli Me Tangere. His first novel. *Idea of Writing A Novel on Philippines* Ã¢â¬â His reading Harriet Beecher StoweÃ¢â¬â¢s uncle TomÃ¢â¬â¢s Cabin. which portrays the brutalities of American slave-owners and the pathetic conditions of the unfortunate negro, slaves, inspired Dr. Rizal to prepare a novel on the Philippines. -He was then a student in the Central University of Madrid. -In a reunion of Filipinos in the house of the paternos in Madrid on January 2, 1884. -Among whom were the paternos (Pedro, Maximino, and Antonio), Graciano Lopez Jaena, Evaristo Aguirre, Eduardo do de lete, Julio Llorante, and Valentin Ventura. *The Writing of the Ã¢â¬ Noli.Ã¢â¬ * -Toward the 1884, Rizal began writing the novel in Madrid and finished about one Ã¢â¬âhaft of it. -He went to Paris in 1885, after completing his studies in the Universidad Central de Madrid. -He wrote the last fourth of the novel in Germany. -During the dark days of December, 1886. -He wrote to his friend, Fernando Canon; Ã¢â¬Å"I did not believe that the Noli Me Tangere would ever be published when I was in Berlin, heart-broken weakened, and discouraged from hunger and deprivation. -In mid-December, a telegram Barcelona arrived. -It was sent by Dr.Maximo Viola. *The Man who Saved the Ã¢â¬Å"Noli.Ã¢â¬ * -The first edition of the Noli was printed in Berlin in 1887. -The cost of printing was 300 pesos (advance by Vioa) for 2,000 copies. Ã¢â¬â A dedicatory autograph as follows: Ã¢â¬Å"To my dear Friend, Maximo Viola , the first to read and appreciate my work Ã¢â¬â Jose Rizal, March 29, 1887, Berlin.Ã¢â¬ -This Date- March 29, 1887, is a significant date for it was when the Noli Me Tangere came off the press. *The Title of the Novel.* -The title Noli Me Tangere, isa a latin phrase which means Ã¢â¬Å"Touch me Not.Ã¢â¬ -Rizal, writing to Felix R. Hidalgo in French in March 1887. -It should be the Gospel of st. John (chapter 20, Verses 13 to 17). *The authorÃ¢â¬â¢s Dedication.* -Rizal dedicated the Noli Me Tangere to the Philippines Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å"To My Country.Ã¢â¬ *Synopsis of the Ã¢â¬Å"NoliÃ¢â¬ * -The Novel Noli Me Tangere contains 63 chapters and an epilogue. -It Begins with a reception given by Capitan Tiago (Santiago de los Santos) -at his house in Calle Analoague ( now Juan Luna Street) on the last day of October. -This Reception or dinner was given in honor of Crisostomo Ibarra. -Among the guests during the reception were Padre Damaso, a Franciscan friar who had been parish priest of San Diego (Calamba). -Padre Sibyla, a young Dominican parish Priest of binondo. -Senior Guevara, an elderly and kind lieutenant of the Guardian Civi. -Don Tiburcio de Espadania, a bogus spanish Physician , lame, and henpecked husband of Donia Victorina; and several ladies. -During the dinner the conversation on IbarraÃ¢â¬â¢s studies and travels abroad. -Padre damaso was in bad mood because he got a bony neck and hard wing of the chicken tinola. -Ibarra left capitan tiagoÃ¢â¬â¢s house to return to his hotel. -Don RafaelÃ¢â¬â¢s father was a rich and brave man. -He visited Maria Clara, his childhood sweetheart. -Ibarra was angered by the grave-diggerÃ¢â¬â¢s story. -IbarraÃ¢â¬â¢s left the cemetery . on the way, he met padre salvi, Franciscan parish priest of san Diego. -In his town, Ibarra met several interesting people , such as the wise old man Tasio the sage. Ã¢â¬Å"Tasio the Lunatic.Ã¢â¬ -Governadoroillo, who catered to wishes of the Spanish parish priest; Don Filipo Lino, teniente mayor and leader. -Don Melchor, the captain of the cuadrilleros (town Police). -Capitan tiago, Maria Clara and aunt Isabel who took care of Maria Clara, after motherÃ¢â¬â¢s death arrive in san diego. -Ibarra and his friends gave a picnic in the lake. -Among those present in the picnic, were Maria Clara and her four girl friends, Ã¢â¬Å"the merry sinang, the grave Victoria, the beautiful Iday, and the thoughtful Neneng.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â
Saturday, January 4, 2020
Thursday, December 26, 2019
Athenodoros of Rhodes, Polydoros of Rhodes, and Agesander of Rhodes. Louvre Museum in Paris. De facto : from the fact -distinguishing what s supposed to be from what is reality Mala fide:in bad faith -said of an act done with knowledge of its illegality, or with intention to defraud or mislead someone; opposite of bona fide Per se: through itself sumerian. Atlas Shrugged. http://www.stoa.org/diotima/anthology/wlgr/wlgr-privatelife233.shtml Plato and Socrates were students of each other. Socrates did not write anything down, af far as we know. Plato was a student of Socrates. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s only from Plato s writing that we know about Socrates. Most people say Plato wrote about Socrates and his doings, but in PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s later years he started to write his own philosophy as if Socrates had said it. Socrates was born before Plato. Egyptians used cursive hieroglyphs for religious literature on papyrus and wood. Hieroglyphics were a formal system of writing used by the ancient Egyptians that combined alphabetic and logographic elements. Hieroglyphs are also related to two other Egyptian scripts such as hieratic and demotic. The Rosetta Stone was found in a village in the Delta called Rosetta. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s called Rosetta Stone because it was discovered in a town called Rosetta. It is an old text written by a group of priests in Egypt to honour the Egyptian pharaoh. The torah is a scroll that shows the revelation to Moses is considered by most to be the revelatory event. This occurred in
Wednesday, December 18, 2019
Ahmedabad Satyagraha DEFINITIONS Ahimsa Usually translated as non-violence. Ã¢â¬ËAction based on the refusal to do harm.Ã¢â¬â¢ Himsa means to wish to kill. A in front of himsa negates the word, therefore making it the renunciation of the will to kill or damage. Tapasya Self-suffering. Suffering injury in oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own person. Satya Truth which implies love and firmness. Combined with Agraha is the title of the Indian movement Satyagraha, a force that is born of Truth and Love or non-violence. Sarvodaya Uplift of all. The ideal society in which Gandhi worked towards. This was the primary objective of the satyagraha and the Gandhian movement. *** The above-defined concepts were evident in the Ahmedabad Satyagraha. TheÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The reply is that they will get nothing but the workersÃ¢â¬â¢ discontent. The employers will always look with suspicion on the suppressed workers. In order for the satyagraha to remain non-violent, it was important to keep the ten thousand millworkers busy. If they remained idle, they might have got into mischief. The workers were not allowed to gamble, sleep during the day, talk about the employers and the lockout, frequent teashops, or go to the mills during the lockout. They could not go to teashops because it was feared that they would spend their time gossiping and eating unnecessarily. This was not the image that the workers needed to portray to the millowners. Arbitrators for the workers, Mahatma Gandhi, Shri Shankerlal Banker and Shri Vallabhbhai Patel stated to the workers what they must do during satyagraha. If work needed to be done on their dwellings, they must do it. Those who are literate should spend their time reading books and expanding their knowledge. Those who have a different skill should find work, and those who do not have another skill should learn one. These recommendations were made to the wor kers for the sake of keeping the movement non-violent. The workers also had to agree to theShow MoreRelatedBritan Did Not Live Up to Their Promises to India Essay536 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesfor their freedom. Gandhi Ã¢â¬Å"founded the Sabarmati Ashram at Ahmedabad to practice the ideas of truth and non-violence.Ã¢â¬ (google.com) He went around the county in order to understand the people and to learn what their problems are. He created the method of Satyagraha which a non-violent protest for justice. His first Satyagraha Ã¢â¬Å"inspired the peasants to struggle against the oppressive plantation system.Ã¢â¬ (google.com) One of his major Satyagraha was against the Rowlatt Act which was a protest that involvedRead MoreEssay on Mahatma Gandhi1642 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe 19th-century American writer Henry David Thoreau, especially to Thoreaus famous essay Civil Disobedience. Gandhi considered the terms passive resistance and civil disobedience inadequate for his purposes, however, and coined another term,Ã SatyagrahaÃ (from Sanskrit, truth and firmness). During his stay there he saw the people conditions of indians living in South Africa. He made up his mind to put up a brave fight for their rights. He founded the National Indian Congress. Gandhi and his friendsRead MoreQuetext. About Faq Contact. Early Days Mahatma Gandhi Was1353 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageswith relatives. In late 1885, Karamchand died Ga ndhi s first child was born shortly after, but survived only a few days. These two subsequent deaths haunted Mohandas for a long time. In November 1887, he sat the regional matriculation exams in Ahmedabad, writing exams in arithmetic, history, geography, natural science, English and Gujarati. He passed with an overall average of 40 percent. Gandhi being the best-educated of his brothers was seen by his family as the best candidate to one day succeedRead MorePunjabi9291 Words Ã |Ã 38 PagesUNIT 19 CONCEPT OF SWARAJ, SATYAGRAHA AND CRITIQUE OF WESTERN CIVILISATION Structure ! I 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 Objectives Introduction The Civilisational Justification and British Rule 19.2.1 Gandhi, Moderates and the Extremists on the Legitimacy of British Rule i I I Gandhis Hind Swaraj 19.3.1 Gandhi, Extremists and British Colonialism 19.3.2 Gandhi, Moderates and British Colonialism 19.3.3 Gandhi on Swaraj 19.4 Gandhis Critique of Modern Civilisation 19.4.1 Western Influences on Gandhi 19Read MoreSalt Satyagraha1584 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Satyagraha March, which triggered the wider Civil Disobedience Movement, was an important part of the Indian independence movement. It was a campaign of nonviolent protest against the British salt tax in colonial India which began with the Salt March to Dandi on March 12, 1930. It was the most significant organized challenge to British authority since the Non-cooperation movement of 1920-22, and the Purna Swaraj declaration of independence by the Indian National Congress on December 31, 1929Read MoreGandhi s Effect On The World1174 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Salt March, which took place in India from 12th March 1930, was an act of civil disobedience to protest British rule in India led by Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948). During the march, thousands of Indians followed Gandhi from his religious near Ahmedabad to the Arabian Sea coast, a distance of some 240 miles. The march resulted in the apprehen d of proximately 80,000 people, including Gandhi himself, but not afore their peaceful protest had captured the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s attention and demonstrated the potencyRead MoreA Research On Contemporary World History1041 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesBritish rule in India. He not only led India towards Independence but also inspired movements for civil rights and freedom all across the world. He had some strong beliefs which were also his life principles such as Non-violence, Truth and even Satyagraha (Truth Force), etc. These were some of the rules he set for himself (his life), which even led India to Independence. Now there are people all around the world following his teachings, his beliefs, his thinking, his lifestyle, etc. There are differentRead MoreIndia was granted independence from the British on 15 August 1947. Her to path independence was not1300 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescollection of multiple events which were both violent and nonviolent in nature. In essence the Indian Independence Movement lasted nearly a century starting with the Sepoy rebellion(1857) to the formation of the Indian National Congress to the Salt Satyagraha(1929) to the Quit India Movement (1942) and finally Independence in the 1947. In this paper, we will discuss the roles of each of these movement and their effects. Also discussed in this paper is the effect of music on the movement. BeforeRead MoreMahatma Gandhi Ã¢â¬â The Great Soul. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi,1235 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Gandhi was unable to prevent the passage of the law, but he was able to draw international attention to the discrimination (Mahatma Gandhi Biography, biography.com). Gandhi organized his first mass civil-disobedience campaign, which he called Ã¢â¬Å"SatyagrahaÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"truth and firmnessÃ¢â¬ ) in 1906, due to the Transvaal governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s restrictions on Indian rights. One of those restrictions was the refusal to recognize Hindu marriages. Gandhi practiced Hindu. There were years of protests, with the government imprisoningRead MoreMahatma Gandhi Research Paper1409 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesprotest that gandhi began called satyagraha, which lasted for 7 years until the the South African Government couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t take it anymore as they finally came to a compromise with India and Gandhi to attain more rights for Indians in South Africa. Gandhi returned to India as he lived a normal life for a little bit as he was becoming a bigger figure in Indian Politics. When WWI in came around the corner India and Gandhi were supporting Britain until he decided to satyagraha them in protest of the mandatory
Tuesday, December 10, 2019
A discussion of the themes of courage and heroism in four literary works. Beowulf, Don Quixote by Miguel Cervantes, Paradise Lost by John Milton, and The Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli are discussed as examples of the themes of courage and heroism as seen in literary works. An analysis of the writers treatment of the story with heroism as its theme is given. A categorical explanation of the themes found in these literary works is provided for better understanding on how courage and heroism can vary between different literary works. There are many literary works that focuses on heroism as its central theme. Examples of these works are Beowulf, Don Quixote by Miguel Cervantes, Paradise Lost by John Milton, and The Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli. All of these works focuses on heroism, but each writer treats heroism in various ways. Not all of the stories focuses on physical ability to fight bad, opposing forces. We will write a custom essay sample on Courage and Heroism in Literature or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Beowulf is an epic that has bravery as its central theme, and the bravery that the writer talks about is based on the protagonists physical strength. Don Quixote, meanwhile, focuses on chivalry and internal strength as its theme, Don Quixote is portrayed as a middle-aged man who fantasizes about fighting bad individuals, and even supernatural elements such as giants. The Prince is a work written by Niccolo Machiavelli that focuses on intelligence or mental strength as the primary tool for achieving success and triumph in a battle, while Paradise Lost by John Milton is a struggle between the Good and the Evil.
Tuesday, December 3, 2019
Own Writing I remember that cold day in October three years ago as I walked down the endless rows of new and used cars. I was oblivious to the sounds of the congested afternoon traffic around me. All that was on my mind was anticipation, a little hope, and a checkbook in my pocket that seemed to weigh so heavy despite the lack of funds it represented. It was only a matter of time before one of the salesmen would notice me wandering aimlessly through the car lot and eagerly approach me. In the meantime I continued to inspect each car carefully. I felt like a child in a toy store who wanted the most expensive toy but only had a handful of change. I was lost in the moment when I heard, "Can I help you with something?" I had been waiting to hear those words for what seemed like an eternity and now I could finally get down to business. As we shook hands the salesman introduced himself as David Burke. He was a stocky guy with a firm handshake. There was no sign of desperation in his eyes which was a relief. Remembering what my dad told me I substituted his face with a vision of someone I hated most, but his smile that went from ear to ear seemed to swallow and overpower that vision. He asked me what I was interested in and I immediately led him in a beeline across the lot to the car that I desired. I ignored the cries of the cars that I passed along the way and stopped at a white 1996 Acura Integra. He was only briefly intrigued with the car that I had chosen before he asked how much money I was able to use as a down payment. When I told him I only had eleven hundred dollars, I could almost hear the mental laughter that was coming from inside his mind. A few minutes later I was sitting in an office sipping on a cup of stale coffee while David and another man were running numbers through a computer. As I sat there and waited my anticipation transformed into nervousness. I visualized myself driving home in that Integra to help ease my mind. My nervousness ultimately became disappointment when David returned to inform me that it would be impossible to finance the Integra. I was young with almost no credit history but I still had to pretend to be surprised, that it could not be possible, that there was some sort of mistake. He ignored my denial and told me that there was another nice car that I might be interested in, and that it was more or less in my price range. I reluctantly agreed to take a look at this mystery car. When David drove the mystery car to the front of the sales office I was immediately disgusted. It was a small, clumsy, and awkward looking white 1995 Dodge Neon. What I hated most of all was that from a front view the car was designed to look like it was smiling at you. A smile that was almost as big as the one on David's face when he stepped out of the vehicle. Maybe it was the eagerness or the impatience that I brought along that day, but an hour later I found myself on the interstate driving that 1995 Dodge Neon. It was not the Integra that I had been longing for, but for that one day, I was proud to claim it as my very own car.
Wednesday, November 27, 2019
Battle of Churubusco - Mexican-American War - Winfield Scott Battle of Churubusco - Conflict Date: The Battle of Churubusco was fought August 20, 1847, during the Mexican-American War (1846-1848). Armies Commanders United States Major General Winfield ScottMajor General William J. Worth8,497 Mexico General Manuel RinconGeneral Pedro Anaya3,800 Battle of Churubusco - Background: With the beginning of the Mexican-American War in May 1946, Brigadier General Zachary Taylor won quick victories in Texas at Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma. Pausing to reinforce, he later invaded northern Mexico and captured the city of Monterrey. Though pleased with Taylors success, President James K. Polk was increasingly concerned about the generals political aspirations. As a result of this, and reports that an advance on Mexico City from Monterrey would be difficult, he began stripping Taylors army of men to form a new command for Major General Winfield Scott. This new army was tasked with capturing the port of Veracruz before moving inland against the Mexican capital. Polks approach nearly brought disaster when a badly outnumbered Taylor was attacked at Buena Vista in February 1847. In desperate fighting, he was able to hold off the Mexicans. Landing at Veracruz in March 1847, Scott captured the city after a twenty-day siege. Concerned about yellow fever along the coast, he quickly began marching inland and was soon confronted by a Mexican army led by General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna. Attacking the Mexicans at Cerro Gordo on April 18, he routed the enemy before advancing to capture Puebla. Resuming the campaign in early August, Scott elected to approach Mexico City from the south rather than force the enemy defenses at El PeÃ ±Ã ³n. Rounding Lakes Chalco and Xochimilco his men arrived at San Augustin on August 18. Having anticipated an American advance from the east, Santa Anna began redeploying his army to the south and assumed a line along the Churubusco River (Map). Battle of Churubusco - Situation Before Contreras: To defend the southern approaches to the city, Santa Anna deployed troops under General Francisco Perez at Coyoacan with forces led by General Nicholas Bravo to the east at Churubusco. In the west, the Mexican right was held General Gabriel Valencias Army of the North at San Angel. Having established his new position, Santa Anna was separated from the Americans by a vast lava field known as the Pedregal. On August 18 Scott directed Major General William J. Worth to take his division along the direct road to Mexico City. Marching along the east edge of the Pedregal, the division and accompanying dragoons came under heavy fire at San Antonio, just south of Churubusco. Unable to flank the enemy due to the Pedregal to the west and water to the east, Worth elected to halt. In the west, Valencia, a political rival of Santa Anna, elected to advance his men five miles south to a position near the villages of Contreras and Padierna. Seeking to break the deadlock, Scott sent one of his engineers, Major Robert E. Lee, to find a path through the Pedregal to the west. Successful, Lee began leading American troops from Major Generals David Twiggs and Gideon Pillows divisions across the rough terrain on August 19. In the course of this movement, an artillery duel commenced with Valencia. As this continued, American troops moved unnoticed to the north and west and took positions around San Geronimo before nightfall. Battle of Churubusco - The Mexican Withdrawal: Attacking around dawn, American forces shattered Valencias command at the Battle of Contreras. Realizing that the triumph had unhinged the Mexican defenses in the area, Scott issued a series of orders following Valencias defeat. Among these were orders which countermanded earlier directives for Worths and Major General John Quitmans divisions to move west. Instead, these were ordered north towards San Antonio. Sending troops west into the Pedregal, Worth quickly outflanked the Mexican position and sent them reeling north. With his position south of the Churubusco River collapsing, Santa Anna made the decision to begin pulling back towards Mexico City. To do so, it was critical that his forces hold the bridge at Churubusco. Command of the Mexican forces at Churubusco fell to General Manuel Rincon who directed his troops to occupy fortifications near the bridge as well as the San Mateo Convent to the southwest. Among the defenders were members of the San Patricio Battalion which consisted of Irish deserters from the American army. With the two wings of his army converging on Churubusco, Scott immediately ordered Worth and Pillow to attack the bridge while Twiggs division assaulted the convent. In an uncharacteristic move, Scott had not scouted either of these positions and was unaware of their strength. While these attacks moved forward, the brigades of Brigadier Generals James Shields and Franklin Pierce were to move north over the bridge at Coyoacan before turning east for Portales. Had Scott reconnoitered Churubusco, he most likely would have sent the bulk of his men along Shields route. Battle of Churubusco - A Bloody Victory: Moving forward, the initial assaults against the bridge failed as Mexican forces held. They were aided by the timely arrival of militia reinforcements. Renewing the assault, the brigades of Brigadier Generals Newman S. Clarke and George Cadwalader finally carried the position after a determined attack. To the north, Shields successfully crossed the river before meeting a superior Mexican force at Portales. Under pressure, he was reinforced by the Mounted Rifles and a company of dragoons which were stripped from Twiggs division. With the bridge taken, American forces were able to reduce the convent. Charging forward, Captain Edmund B. Alexander led the 3rd Infantry in storming its walls. The convent quickly fell and many of the surviving San Patricios were captured. At Portales, Shields began to gain the upper hand and the enemy began to retreat as Worths division was seen advancing from bridge to the south. Battle of Churubusco - Aftermath: Uniting, the Americans mounted an ineffective pursuit of the Mexicans as they fled towards Mexico city. Their efforts were hampered by the narrow causeways which traversed swampy terrain. The fighting at Churubusco cost Scott 139 killed, 865 wounded, and 40 missing. Mexican losses numbered 263 killed, 460 wounded, 1,261 captured, and 20 missing. A disastrous day for Santa Anna, August 20 saw his forces defeated at Contreras and Churubusco and his entire defensive line south of the city shattered. In an effort to buy time to reorganize, Santa Anna requested short truce which Scott granted. It was Scotts hope that peace could be negotiated without his army having to storm the city. This truce quickly failed and Scott resumed operations in early September. These saw him win a costly victory at Molino del Rey before successfully taking Mexico City on September 13 after the Battle of Chapultepec. Selected Sources PBS: Battle of ChurubuscoSon of the South: Battle of Churubusco Aztec Club: Battle of Churubusco - Map